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Global trends and TVET: The case of South Africa (draft)

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Chisholm, Linda


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Globalisation and contemporary global trends are two different things and impact differently on technical and vocational education and on any consideration of a future role for UNESCO on TVET at the country and global level. The global economic slowdown in the recent period is linked to globalization, but is likely to initiate trends with major consequences for new initiatives that were beginning to take shape at the national level in developing countries in the context of expanded growth. The extent of impact of the financial crisis as a new global trend on developing countries will be linked to the degree of openness of markets. The more integrated into global economies and the more open the markets, the greater the negative impact of new global trends. Shrinking global resources will mean shrinking national resources available for education more generally and skills training more specifically. There will be further pressure on skills training where there is reliance on market-based forms of provision. But the new skills discourse and recognition of the importance of knowledge and skills for development can help shift balances in favour of education and training. As national economies in developing countries struggle within this new context, they are likely to become more protectionist at the very moment that multilateral and global solutions become more critical to them. The future role of UNESCO in this context at global and country level can perhaps best be examined in relation a specific case-study.

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